Family and Medical Leave Act

Covered Employers
  • Private-sector employers with 50 or more employees
  • Public agencies, including state and federal employers
  • Local educational agencies.
Eligible Employees
  • Works for a covered employer
  • Has worked for the employer for at least 12 months
  • Has at least 1,250 hours of service for the employer during the 12-month period immediately before the FMLA leave
  • Works at a location where the employer has at least 50 employees within a 75-mile radius.
Notification Requirements
General Notice

Covered employers must prominently post a general FMLA notice where it can be readily seen by employees and applicants for employment. The general notice explains an employee’s rights and responsibilities under the FMLA and provides information concerning the procedures for filing complaints of violations. The DOL has developed a model general notice for employers to use.

Covered employers must post this general notice even if no employees are eligible for FMLA leave. Electronic posting is sufficient to meet this posting requirement. An employer that willfully violates this posting requirement may be subject to a fine of up to $169 for each separate offense. In addition, covered employers that have eligible employees must provide this general notice to each employee by:

  • Including the notice in any written guidance to employees, such as an employee handbook, that explains other employee benefits or leave rights, if such written guidance exists; or
  • Distributing a copy of the general notice to each new employee upon hiring.

In either case, this may be done electronically.

Eligibility Notice
Rights and Responsibilities Notice
Designation Notice

Click below for more information on employer coverage, enforcement, eligibility, and other FMLA matters.

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